Рекорды Эвереста

Рекорды Эвереста

Главный рекорд Эвереста был установлен 29 мая 1953 года, когда люди впервые поднялись на его вершину: высочайшую гору планеты покорили Эдмунд Хиллари и Норгей Тенцинг. От момента, когда было установлено, что именно этот пик – самый высокий на земле, до того дня, когда случилось упомянутое эпохальное событие, прошло чуть более 100 лет. Достижение Тенцинга и Хиллари стало такой же сенсацией, как и первый полет человека в космос. Превзойти его невозможно, и тем не менее рекорды на Эвересте продолжают устанавливаться. 

Первая из пятнадцати

16 мая 1975 года на Эвересте побывала первая женщина – японка Дзюнко Табэй. Альпинизмом Дзюнко увлеклась еще в детстве, когда вместе со школьным учителем поднималась на пусть невысокие, но самые настоящие горы. в 1969 году в возрасте 30 лет она основала женский альпинистский клуб, а в 1972 была одной из самых известных альпинисток страны. На Эверест шла в женской группе, в которую входило 15 девушек, и первой из них побывала на вершине. 

Дорогу молодым! 

Самым юным покорителем Эвереста стал американец Джордан Ромеро, который в 2010 году поднялся на его вершину в возрасте 13 лет и 10 месяцев. Он шел в сопровождении отца, приемной матери, а также проводников-шерп. Через год Ромеро стал самым молодым покорителем 7 высочайших вершин 7 частей света, установив тем самым еще один рекорд. 

И девочки тоже!

Малаватх Пурна из Индии была всего лишь на месяц старше Джордана Ромеро, когда побывала на высшей точке планеты. И хотя его достижение превзойти она уже не могла, ей принадлежит такой же рекорд в женском зачете. Кстати говоря, оба подростка, по всей вероятности, будут удерживать свои рекорды достаточно долго – власти Непала ввели возрастные ограничения как «сверху», так и «снизу», и их ровесникам дорога на Эверест пока закрыта. 

Внуки подождут

Японцу Юитиро Миуре удалось покорить Эверест в возрасте 80 лет, и превзойти его будет непросто примерно по той же причине, по которой на гору теперь не пускают подростков: ограничения, введенные властями Непала (альпинист не должен быть старше 75 лет). Правда, непалец Мин Бахадур Шерхан, которому сейчас 84, имеет все шансы – он успел получить пермит, то есть разрешение на восхождение, еще до того, как были изменены правила. Кстати говоря, Шерхану рекорд уже принадлежал ранее, но Миура побил его в 2013 году. 

  

Двадцать одно

Многие альпинисты, побывавшие на Эвересте, буквально заболевают вершиной и возвращаются туда снова и снова. Рекорд по количеству восхождений делят шерпы Апа Тенцинг, известный также как Апа Шерпа, и Пурба Таши. Независимо друг от друга они побывали на Эвересте 21 раз. Первым рекорд установил Апа Шерпа – его 21-е покорение высочайшей вершины состоялось 11 мая 2011 года. Кстати говоря, и это восхождение, и три предыдущих Апа Шерпа совершил в составе экологической экспедиции, которая вынесла с горы тонны мусора. Пурба Таши поднялся на Эверест в 21-й раз 24 мая 2013 года. 

На Эверест без ног 

Новозеландец Марк Инглис – первый безногий покоритель Эвереста. Около 20 лет назад он отморозил при восхождении на гору Кука, их пришлось ампутировать. Но это не охладило страсть Марка к альпинизму, и он продолжал стремиться к исполнению своей мечты об Эвересте. В 2006 году она сбылась: в составе коммерческой группы, в состав которой входили и операторы телеканала Discovery Channel, он поднялся на «крышу мира». 

К вершине по звуку 

Американец Эрик Вайхенмайер в оптимизме и упорству не уступит Марку Инглису. Эрик ослеп в 13 лет из-за болезни глаз, но это не помешало ему жить полной жизнью. Он увлекался многими видами спорта, в том числе экстремальными, а главной его страстью стал альпинизм. Эрик побывал на 7 высочайших вершинах 7 частей света, и даже свадьбу отпраздновал на склонах горы Килиманджаро. На Эверест Эрик поднялся в 2001 году – он шел по звуку колокольчиков, привязанных к одежде проводника. 

Смотрите программу «Шерпа» в воскресенье 24 апреля в 19:00 на Discovery Channel

Источник: menslife.com

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